Village adn its inhabitants

Dátum pridania: 11.09.2009        Počet zobrazení: 1656          tlačiť článok

Village adn its inhabitants

Valaská Belá village is not typical type of the backwoods.  The oldest houses were built in a circle shape and they did not create house rows, but so called „estates“. One or two estates (sometimes even more) created secluded dwelling. The largest secluded dwelling was Bukovec with about 30 houses. It was about  99 houses altogether.

Original employment of the Belans was sheperding of the sheep. Sheep were breed by  farmers from villages and secluded dwellings, those richer owned even 120 sheep. They were doing farming and cattle breeding. Besides cattle they breed goats and poultry.
Decrease of breeding happened in the 60ies of the 20th century since it was restricted by industrialization of the country.

In spring 1949 there was a Collective Farm of the 1st type established, which started run a farm in autumn in 1949 at area 400 ha.

Already in the first half of the 18th century there was  advanced forms of the house-to-house sale and itinerant employment. Mainly glazing and glasscutter. Origin of the glasscutter in Valaska Bela gave the start of the production of sheet glass in Gápel glassworks. Its formation belongs to the period when glassworks were formatted in a big number on  aristocratic or church properties in order to utilize  great and available wealth of the forests at our territory at that time. Local glassworks transported its products via road to Railway station Nováky, which was about 30 kilometres far. Later, since 1925, via narrow gauge Ilava-Zliechov-Gápel. Curious glass transport did not last long since glassworks was cancelled in  1929 in Gápel.

Belans glassworkers and glasscutters created a profession which stands out as a Slovak national  particularity. Although life today has changed a bit, presence still connects with heritage of glasscutters whose implanted attraction to glass to all generations. They gave the first spur for creating Glass Manufacture in Valaská Belá.

There was a textile production present there – workshop Folk Craft in Veľké Rovné had its own manufacturing plant in Valaská Belá since 1951. It closed its production in 1994.


Súvisiace odkazy: History of Valaska Bela,

Slovensky  Nemecky  Anglicky